Thì hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn trong tiếng Anh

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Thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn – present perfect continuous là một trong 12 thì trong Tiếng Anh. Trong quá trình luyện thi IELTS, một số bạn vẫn nhầm lẫn giữa thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và Hiện tại hoàn thành nên hôm nay ENG4 chia sẻ với các bạn hiểu rõ về thì và cách phân biệt. Cùng tìm hiểu nhé!

1. Cấu trúc

Câu khẳng định

have/ has been + Verb + -ing.

Ex: I’ve been studying really hard.

Câu phủ định

have/ has not been + Verb + -ing.

Ex: I hasn’t been studying really hard.

 

Câu nghi vấn

Have/has … been + Verb + -ing?

Yes, S + have/ has
No, S + haven’t/ hasn’t

Have you been studying really hard?

Wh- question

Wh-word + have/ has + S + been +V-ing

Trả lời: S + have/has (+ not) + been + V-ing + …

Q: The baby’s face is really dirty.What has he been eating?

A: He’s been eating soup

Chú ý:

2. Cách sử dụng

Vd: They have been discussing the problem for o’clock

Emma has been learning English for 5 years

Vd: Tom is very tired now because he has been working hard for 5 hours

3. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

Chúng ta có thể sử dụng cả hai thì Hiện Tại Hoàn Thành hay Hiện Tại Hoàn Thành Tiếp Diễn để diễn tả một tình huống hay hành động bắt đầu ở quá khứ và vẫn kéo dài đến hiện tại (thường đi với for hay since):

Ex: I’ve worked at the restaurant since I moved here.

I’ve been feeling tired since I started this course.

Ex: I’ve been working at the restaurant for three years.

I’ve felt tired for weeks.

Ex: They have been working in the field all the morning. (Họ làm việc ngoài đồng cả buổi sáng.)

4. Phân biệt giữa hai thì Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và Hiện tại hoàn thành

Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Hiện tại hoàn thành

I’ve been reading for the past two weeks.

I’ve read this articles three times.

I’ve been writing my essay ( we don’t know if the essay is finished or not)

What have you been doing? ( the boy’s mother is interested in the activity that made him so dirty now)

I’ve written my essay ( my essay is finished but we don’t know when )

What have you done? ( the boy’s mother is interested in the result of the action: the broken window )

LƯU Ý: Các động từ trạng thái ( know, understand, acknowledge ) thường sẽ không đi với thể tiếp diễn.

I’ve known them since I was a child. (not I’ve been knowing them since I was a child)

Bài tập

Exercise 1

Look at the chart and fill in the gaps with the past simple or present perfect simple of the verbs in brackets to make true sentences.

1. The chart shows the percentage of British adults who………. (use) the Internet since 1995.

2. The number of women who have ever used the Internet ……….. (increase) by more than 60% since 1995.

3. The percentage of men who have accessed the Internet ……… (rise) each year.

4. The number of women to have accessed the Internet ……….. (rise) each year.

5. The percentage of men who used the Internet ………. (be) greater than the percentage of women from 1995 to 2005.

6. However, British women ………. (overtake) British men in Internet usage since 2005.

7. The total number of people accessing the Internet ……… (grow) each year although the most significant rise ……… (occur) between 1995 and 2000.

Exercise 2

Underline the correct form of the verbs:

Exercise 3

Fill in the gaps with a verb from a box in the present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. You will need to use some verbs more than once.

Be do feel have live pass study start take travel want work

Interviewer: How long …………. (1 you) here?

Student: I…………… (2) in London for the past three years. I come from Japan originally. I…………… (3) at a college here since I arrived.

Interviewer:…………… (4 you) any travelling over the past three years?

Student: Yes, I…………… (5) really lucky. I have long holidays so I ……………(6) all over Europe. I especially liked Spain.

Interviewer: What is the most interesting thing you……………(7) recently?

Student: Well, I ……………(8) to play tennis, and I…………… (9) singing lessons for a few months now too. But the thing that I am most proud of is that I……………(10 just) my driving test. It’s the first time I ……………(11) it so I’m really pleased but I……………(12 never) so nervous in all my life!

Interviewer: How do you think English will be useful in yours life?

Student: I…………… (13) a Hospitality and Tourism course over here, so I need English for my studies and my job. I…………… (14 always) to work in the tourist industry because I…………… (15 always) interested in history and cultural sites, and I ……………(16 already) as a tour guide in my home town.

Exercise 4

1.

2.

3.

Đáp án

Exercise 1:

Exercise 2:

Exercise 3:

Exercise 4:

Trên đây là một số kiến thức giúp bạn nắm vững được thì hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn và cách nhận biết. Hãy chia sẻ nếu bạn thấy hữu ích nhé!

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